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Is Polished Concrete the Right Flooring Option for Your Space?

Have you ever wondered what exactly polished concrete is and how it is made?

In this article, we will explore the process of creating polished concrete, along with its numerous benefits.

From durability to low maintenance and cost-effectiveness, polished concrete offers a range of advantages.

We will also discuss the different types of polished concrete, such as grind and seal and cream polish, as well as the process of polishing concrete floors.

If you're curious about polished concrete and how to maintain it, keep reading to learn more!

What is Polished Concrete?

Polished Concrete, a sleek and stylish flooring option, has been gaining popularity in Oklahoma City due to its durability and aesthetics, with companies like Bel Covo leading the way as expert concrete contractors in the region.

Known for its seamless finish and high-gloss appearance, polished concrete provides a modern and sophisticated look to any space. Its reflective surface can brighten up rooms by enhancing natural light, making spaces appear larger and more open. Polished concrete is incredibly durable, resistant to stains, easy to maintain, and environmentally friendly, making it a sustainable choice for both homes and businesses. Bel Covo's expertise in polishing concrete ensures a professional and top-quality installation, guaranteeing a beautiful and long-lasting flooring solution for clients.

A modern interior space with a polished concrete floor. The floor has a high-gloss finish that reflects natural light from the windows and artificial light from recessed fixtures. The seamless, reflective surface contrasts beautifully with the textured stone wall, highlighting the versatility of polished concrete in contemporary design. This example illustrates how polished concrete can enhance the aesthetic appeal of residential spaces while providing a durable, low-maintenance flooring solution.
Sleek high-gloss polished concrete flooring in a contemporary living space

How is Polished Concrete Made?

The process of creating polished concrete involves multiple steps that transform a simple concrete slab into a durable floor with a glossy finish, often executed by skilled contractors.

It all begins with surface preparation, where the concrete slab is thoroughly cleaned and any imperfections are addressed. Next, specialized equipment is used to grind down the surface to the desired level of smoothness. Concrete densifiers are then applied to fortify the surface and enhance its durability.

After this, multiple rounds of polishing are carried out, gradually increasing the grit of the polishing pads to achieve the desired level of glossiness. The final steps involve applying a sealant to protect the concrete from stains and enhancing its sheen, resulting in a stunning polished concrete floor.

This outdoor scene features a polished concrete patio or deck with full aggregate exposure. The concrete has been ground to reveal a variety of colorful stones and aggregates, creating a terrazzo-like appearance. The highly reflective surface mirrors the surrounding landscape, demonstrating how polished concrete can blend indoor and outdoor living spaces. This finish showcases the decorative potential of polished concrete in exterior applications.
Full aggregate exposure polished concrete patio blending with outdoor scenery

What Are the Benefits of Using Polished Concrete?

Polished concrete offers numerous benefits that make it a valuable flooring option for both homes and businesses in Oklahoma City, including its high quality, long-lasting value, and minimal maintenance requirements.


One of the primary benefits of polished concrete is its exceptional durability, making it an ideal flooring choice for both commercial and residential spaces.

Polished concrete's durability contributes significantly to its long lifespan and resilience in various settings. It is resistant to wear and tear from heavy foot traffic, making it perfect for high-traffic commercial areas where traditional flooring materials may fail.

In addition, in residential homes, polished concrete's durability ensures that it can withstand the daily activities of a household, such as kids playing, pets running around, and regular foot traffic, without showing signs of aging or deterioration.

Low Maintenance

Polished concrete floors require minimal maintenance, which is one of the reasons they are highly recommended by services like Bel Covo.

With simple routines, taking care of your polished concrete floors is a breeze. Regular sweeping or mopping with a mild detergent suffice to keep them looking pristine. Ensuring that dirt and debris are promptly removed prevents any build-up that could potentially mar the surface. By incorporating these habits in your cleaning routine, property owners not only maintain the elegant appearance of their floors but also save valuable time and effort.


Polished concrete is a cost-effective flooring solution that provides significant value over time, often highlighted in the competitive quotes provided by concrete contractors.

One of the key reasons polished concrete offers long-term cost benefits is its durability. Unlike other flooring options that may require frequent repairs or replacements, polished concrete is known for its resilience against wear and tear, reducing the need for costly maintenance over the years.

This durability translates to savings in the form of lower maintenance costs and decreased expenses on repairs, making it a wise investment choice for both residential and commercial properties. By obtaining multiple quotes from concrete contractors, individuals can effectively plan their budget and evaluate the overall cost-effectiveness of choosing polished concrete.

Flooring Type

Material Cost

Installation Cost

Maintenance Cost (Annual)

Polished Concrete

$3 - $12

$2 - $8

$0.10 - $0.30


$8 - $25

$3 - $8

$0.50 - $1.00


$2 - $7

$0.50 - $1

$0.30 - $0.50


$6 - $20

$5 - $10

$0.20 - $0.40


$2 - $7

$1 - $2

$0.20 - $0.30

Aesthetic Appeal

Polished concrete is renowned for its aesthetic appeal, offering an artistic and unique look that can be customized to fit various design preferences.

The glossy finish of polished concrete reflects light, creating a luminous and spacious feel in any room. Its seamless surface minimizes dust and allergens, making it a hygienic choice for homes and commercial spaces. Polished concrete can mimic the appearance of more expensive materials like marble or granite at a fraction of the cost, allowing for cost-effective yet luxurious design solutions.

Gloss Level


Light Reflectivity

Level 1 (Matte)

Low-sheen, flat appearance


Level 2 (Satin)

Slight sheen, soft luster


Level 3 (Semi-Polished)

Moderate reflectivity


Level 4 (Highly Polished)

High shine, mirror-like


Environmentally Friendly

An additional benefit of polished concrete is its environmentally friendly nature, as it utilizes existing concrete slabs and reduces the need for additional materials.

Polished concrete contributes significantly to sustainability through its eco-friendly production process. The process involves grinding and polishing the existing concrete surface rather than adding new materials, thus reducing the overall environmental impact. This not only helps in conserving resources but also eliminates the energy-intensive production of new materials.

Opting for polished concrete can aid in achieving various green building certifications such as LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) by promoting energy efficiency and indoor air quality. The reflective properties of polished concrete also contribute to reducing the need for artificial lighting, further enhancing its eco-friendly credentials.

What Are the Different Types of Polished Concrete?

In Oklahoma City, Bel Covo offers a variety of polished concrete types to cater to different aesthetic and functional requirements, ensuring that clients receive the best option for their needs.

Finish Type


Best For

Cream Polish

Retains original concrete look with smooth, shiny surface

Modern, minimalist spaces

Salt and Pepper

Reveals fine aggregates, creating a speckled appearance

Commercial spaces, retail stores

Aggregate Exposure

Exposes larger aggregates for a textured, artistic finish

Industrial settings, outdoor areas

Grind and Seal

Surface ground and sealed for durability and shine

High-traffic areas, garages

Full Aggregate

Maximum exposure of aggregates for a natural stone-like look

Decorative floors, patios

Grind and Seal

The grind and seal method is a popular type of polished concrete that involves grinding the surface and applying a sealing coat to create a durable and attractive floor.

During the grinding process, the surface of the concrete is meticulously ground to remove any imperfections, achieving a smooth and uniform finish that enhances the overall appearance of the floor. This process not only enhances the aesthetic appeal of the concrete but also increases its durability and resistance to stains, making it an ideal flooring solution for both residential and commercial spaces.

A large industrial warehouse space with a highly polished concrete floor. The floor has a glass-like finish, creating dramatic light reflections from the overhead lighting. This demonstrates the light-enhancing properties of polished concrete, which can contribute to energy efficiency in large spaces. The smooth, seamless surface is ideal for heavy equipment and high traffic, showcasing the durability of polished concrete in industrial settings.
Highly reflective polished concrete floor in a spacious industrial setting

Cream Polish

Cream polish is a distinctive type of polished concrete that retains the original look of the concrete while providing a smooth and shiny surface.

The unique feature of cream polish lies in its ability to enhance the natural textures and variations present in concrete, creating a visually appealing finish that stands out in any space. Its subtle sheen adds a touch of elegance and sophistication to floors, countertops, and other concrete surfaces.

One of the key benefits of cream polish is its versatility. It is suitable for both residential and commercial applications, offering durability and low maintenance requirements. Whether used in modern interiors or industrial settings, cream polish can transform ordinary concrete into a polished masterpiece.

A commercial office space with polished concrete flooring. The concrete has a matte or satin finish, providing a sleek, modern look. The floor's reflective properties are evident, as it mirrors the overhead lighting, enhancing the brightness of the space. This example highlights the durability and low-maintenance qualities of polished concrete in high-traffic areas.
Matte finish polished concrete enhancing a modern office environment

Salt and Pepper

The Salt and Pepper finish is a type of polished concrete that reveals fine aggregates just below the surface, creating a speckled and visually appealing look.

This finish is highly sought after for its unique combination of elegance and modernity. It adds a sophisticated touch to any space while maintaining a raw and industrial charm. The subtle variation in color and texture created by the exposed aggregates gives the flooring an organic and natural feel, making it perfect for a variety of design styles.

Close-up of polished concrete flooring with a salt and pepper finish. The surface has a high-gloss sheen, reflecting light and creating a mirror-like effect. The concrete's aggregate exposure is visible, giving it a speckled appearance characteristic of the salt and pepper style. A set of keys on a keyring rests on the floor, demonstrating the smooth, durable nature of the polished concrete surface.
High-gloss salt and pepper polished concrete showcasing durability and shine

Aggregate Exposure

Aggregate exposure is a method of polished concrete that involves grinding the surface to expose the larger aggregates within, resulting in an artistic and textured finish.

Through the grinding process, the concrete surface undergoes a transformation, revealing a unique pattern of stones, rocks, or glass pieces. The exposed aggregates create a visually striking effect that adds depth and character to the flooring. This method not only enhances the overall aesthetic appeal of the concrete but also provides a durable and long-lasting finish.

Aggregate exposure allows for customization, as the size and type of aggregates can be chosen to suit the design preferences of the project. It offers a blend of functionality and beauty that makes it popular in both residential and commercial settings.

A close-up view of a polished concrete floor. The floor features two distinct sections of terrazzo-style finishing. One section has larger aggregate pieces embedded in a darker matrix, while the adjacent section has smaller, more densely packed aggregate in a lighter matrix. The floor's surface is highly polished, creating a glossy, reflective finish that highlights the varied textures and colors of the embedded materials
Close-up of polished concrete floor with contrasting terrazzo-style finishes

What is the Process of Polishing Concrete?

The process of polishing concrete is a meticulous multi-step procedure that transforms a raw concrete slab into a smooth and reflective surface, often carried out by professionals like Bel Covo.

Surface Preparation

Surface preparation is the first and crucial step in the concrete polishing process, involving cleaning and leveling the concrete slab to ensure a flawless finish.

Proper surface preparation is essential as it impacts the entire outcome of the concrete polishing project. The process typically starts with thorough cleaning to remove any dirt, debris, or sealants that might hinder the polishing process. This is followed by repairing any cracks or imperfections in the concrete surface to ensure a smooth and even base. Leveling the slab helps in achieving a uniform polished surface. These initial steps are vital in creating a strong foundation for the subsequent grinding and polishing stages.


The grinding phase involves using coarse diamond abrasives to remove imperfections from the concrete surface, setting the stage for a smooth and polished finish.

During the grinding process, various types of equipment are utilized to achieve the desired level of smoothness. One of the primary tools used is a floor grinder, which comes in different sizes and configurations depending on the scale of the project. These grinders are equipped with diamond grinding pads that rotate at high speeds, effectively grinding down the uneven areas of the concrete.

Diamond abrasives are crucial in this process as they are extremely hard and durable, allowing them to efficiently grind through tough concrete surfaces. The grinding action not only removes imperfections but also opens up the pores of the concrete, preparing it for subsequent polishing stages.


Honing is the intermediate step in the concrete polishing process, where finer abrasives are used to refine the surface texture and enhance its clarity.

During the honing process, the surface imperfections left by previous coarse grinding steps are further smoothed out, creating a more uniform appearance. The use of progressively finer grits ensures that the concrete achieves a sleek, mirror-like finish that is both visually appealing and durable. Unlike grinding, which focuses on aggressive material removal, honing primarily aims to improve surface smoothness, preparing it for the final polishing stages. This methodical refinement helps eliminate minor blemishes and inconsistencies, resulting in a refined surface ready for the application of protective sealants.


The final stage of polishing involves using the finest grits to achieve a high-gloss finish on the concrete surface, resulting in a reflective and aesthetically pleasing floor.

For this final step, professionals typically utilize specialized polishing equipment such as high-speed burnishers or diamond polishers. These tools are essential in providing the necessary pressure and speed to enhance the concrete's shine.

A key technique employed during this stage is applying a densifier to the surface. This chemical treatment helps harden the concrete, making it more resistant to wear and enhancing its reflective properties.




1. Surface Preparation


Remove dirt, grease, and existing coatings


Fill cracks and holes


Even out major surface irregularities

2. Grinding

Coarse Grinding

Remove surface imperfections and expose aggregates (if desired)

Medium Grinding

Further smoothen the surface

3. Honing

Fine Grinding

Refine the surface and remove scratches from previous steps

Applying Densifier

Harden and densify the concrete

4. Polishing

Initial Polish

Begin creating a glossy surface

Final Polish

Achieve desired level of shine

Apply Stain-guard

Protect the polished surface


Lock in stain guard and maximize shine

Interior of a circular room with a striking domed wooden ceiling. The ceiling features a radial design with wooden beams converging at the center, where an ornate chandelier hangs. The walls are lined with shelves holding numerous glass jars of cannabis. In the foreground, there are wooden display counters arranged in a semi-circle. The floor is polished to a high shine, reflecting the room's features. On the floor, a logo for "FIRE LEAF" is visible, identifying this as a "Licensed Oklahoma Dispensary".
Interior of Fire Leaf dispensary in Oklahoma showing domed wooden ceiling and product displays

How to Maintain Polished Concrete Floors?

Maintaining polished concrete floors is relatively straightforward, requiring regular cleaning and periodic professional services like those offered by Bel Covo to keep the surface in pristine condition.

Regarding daily cleaning routines for polished concrete floors, it's essential to start by removing dust and debris with a soft-bristle broom or a microfiber mop. This helps prevent scratches and maintains the sleek look of the floor. Spills should be wiped up immediately to prevent staining, especially acidic substances that can etch the surface.

  • For a more thorough cleaning, a solution of mild dish soap and water can be used to mop the floor.

  • It's important to avoid harsh cleaning chemicals, as they can damage the sealant on the floor.

  • Professional maintenance services play a crucial role in the long-term durability of polished concrete floors. These services typically include resealing the surface to protect it from wear and tear.




Sweep or dust mop to remove loose debris


Damp mop with pH-neutral cleaner


Deep clean with auto scrubber


Inspect for wear and reapply stain-guard if applicable

Every 3-5 years

Re-polish with rotary buffer if necessary

Frequently Asked Questions

What is polished concrete and how is it different from regular concrete?

Polished concrete is a type of concrete that is treated with a chemical densifier and ground down to create a smooth, glossy finish. This process makes the concrete stronger, more durable, and more resistant to stains and spills compared to regular concrete.

What are the benefits of choosing polished concrete for my project?

Polished concrete offers numerous benefits, including increased durability, low maintenance, and a beautiful, glossy finish. It also has a longer lifespan compared to other flooring options and is environmentally friendly.

Can polished concrete be used for both residential and commercial projects?

Yes, polished concrete is a versatile flooring option that can be used for both residential and commercial projects. It is suitable for a variety of spaces, including homes, offices, retail stores, and more.

How long does the polishing process take and how much does it cost?

The time and cost of the polishing process depend on the size and complexity of the project. However, in general, it can take anywhere from 2-5 days and costs range from $5-$7 per square foot. Contact us for a personalized quote for your project.

Is polished concrete slippery?

No, polished concrete is not slippery. In fact, it can provide better traction compared to other flooring options.

Do you offer maintenance services for polished concrete?

Yes, we offer maintenance services for polished concrete to help keep it looking its best. Our team can provide routine cleaning, resealing, and repairs to ensure your polished concrete stays in top condition for years to come.


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